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Table 5 Results of logistic regression, with strong impact of the disease at 24 months as outcome, in age-and sex-adjusted models for each tested variable, and multivariate model with adjustment for age, sex and educational level, but otherwise with factors with factors showing p-value < 0.1 included

From: What predicts negative effects of rheumatoid arthritis? A follow-up two years after diagnosis

Factor Sex and age-adjusted models Multivariate model
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Age 0.99 (0.96–1.03) 1.01 (0.95–1.07)
Sex (women vs men) 1.01 (0.39–2.60) 0.61 (0.16–2.22)
Educational level:   
Compulsory school 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
High school 0.46 (0.14–1.51) 0.30 (0.07–1.31)
University 0.27 (0.08–0.85) 0.29 (0.07–1.21)
Employed 1 (ref)  
On early pension/long-term sick-leave 5.05 (1.49–17.15)  
Other 0.88 (0.26–2.99)  
Difficult financial situation 12.35 (1.47–103.72)  
Financial problems* 6.88 (1.39–34.08)  
PSP group 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
NPSP group 0.38 (0.23–0.63) 0.57 (0.31–1.05)
HAQ 2.53 (1.11–5.73)  
Patient-reported global perceived disease activity score 1.03 (1.01–1.04)  
Patient-reported pain 1.03 (1.01–1.05)  
HADS anxiety 1.28 (1.13–1.45)  
HADS depression 1.50 (1.24–1.80) 1.45 (1.18–1.77)
SOC score 0.93 (0.89–0.97)  
Coping strategies (GCQ):   
Self-trust 0.97 (0.95–1.00)  
Fatalism 1.03 (1.01–1.06)  
Problem focusing 1.00 (0.97–1.03)  
Resignation 1.02 (0.99–1.05)  
Cognitive revaluation 0.99 (0.97–1.01)  
Protest 1.03 (1.01–1.05)  
Social trust 1.00 (0.98–1.02)  
Isolation 1.06 (1.02–1.10)  
Minimization 0.96 (0.93–0.98)  
Intrusion 1.04 (1.01–1.07)  
  1. Results presented as odds ratios (ORs), with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI).
  2. *Have had difficulties paying bills during the last 12 months.