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Table 4 Self-reported reaction to the diagnosis in patients 20–65 years who participated in this study on adaptation to newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (n = 95)

From: What predicts negative effects of rheumatoid arthritis? A follow-up two years after diagnosis

  PSP, baseline PSP, 24 months Diff within group NPSP, baseline NPSP, 24 months Diff within group Diff at baseline Diff at 24 months
  (n = 41)   p-values* (n = 54)   p-values* p-values* p-values*
Sufficient knowledge about RA   31 (78%)    39 (75%)    0.78
Insufficient knowledge   9 (23%)    13 (25%)    
Impact of the disease:    <0.001    0.002 0.014 <0.001
Not at all or little 6 (15%) 0 (0%)   12 (23%) 5 (9%)    
Moderately 23 (58%) 12 (29%)   38 (72%) 32 (60%)    
A lot 11 (28%) 29 (71%)   3 (6%) 16 (30%)    
Influenced areas:         
Relationship to partner 16/39 (41%) 7/43 (16%) 0.013
Sexual life 15/39 (39%) 8/44 (18%) 0.039
Family life 21/39 (54%) 10/42 (24%) 0.005
Social life 24/38 (63%) 13/42 (31%) 0.004
Work 27/40 (68%) 22/42 (52%) 0.16
Economy 27/40 (68%) 12/43 (28%) <0.001
Leisure time activities 35/39 (90%) 25/43 (58%) 0.002
Forgo leisure-time activities because of symptoms 32 (78%) 29 (71%) 0.45 29 (54%) 18 (33%) 0.033 0.014 <0.001
Smoking habits:    0.90    0.10 0.68 0.11
Non-smokers 23 (56%) 25 (61%)   33 (65%) 42 (78%)    
Occasional smokers 5 (12%) 4 (10%)   6 (12%) 1 (2%)    
Daily-smokers 13 (32%) 12 (29%)   12 (24%) 11 (20%)    
Physical activity    0.76    0.89 0.89 0.96
Weekly 35 (85%) 34 (83%)   43 (84%) 45 (83%)    
Less than weekly 6 (15%) 7 (17%)   8 (16%) 9 (17%)    
  1. Impact of the disease at baseline denotes expected impact, while at 24 months experienced impact.
  2. *P values analyzed by Chi-square analysis, PSP = Patients with psychosocial problems, NPSP = Patients with no psychosocial problems.