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Table 2 Emotional status and coping strategies of patients 20–65 years who participated in this study on adaptation to newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis (n = 95)

From: What predicts negative effects of rheumatoid arthritis? A follow-up two years after diagnosis

  PSP, baseline PSP, 24 months Diff within group NPSP, baseline NPSP, 24 months Diff within group Diff of Δ-values between groups Diff at baseline Diff at 24 months
  (n = 41)   p-values* (n = 54)   p-values* p-values* p-values* p-values*
HADS scores          
Anxiety 9.0 (5.5–12.0) 8.0 (4.5–12.0) 0.24 4.0 (2.0–7.3) 3.0 (1.0–5.0) 0.008 0.57 <0.001 <0.001
Depression 6.0 (4.0–8.5) 5.0 (2.0–9.0) 0.42 3.0 (1.0–5.0) 2.0 (1.0–4.3) 0.033 0.69 <0.001 <0.001
SOC scores 62 (56–70) 60 (50–70) 0.040 73 (66–81) 71 (66–80) 0.56 0.90 <0.001 <0.001
Low SOC 12 (29%) 23 (56%) 0.039 11 (20%) 8 (15%) 0.51   0.60 <0.001
Moderate SOC 18 (44%) 13 (32%)   27 (50%) 24 (45%)     
High SOC 11 (27%) 5 (12%)   16 (30%) 21 (40%)     
Coping strategies (GCQ)          
Self-trust 80 (60–85) 75 (60–85) 0.24 82.5 (70–90) 85 (75–100) 0.012 0.012 0.23 <0.001
Fatalism 30 (20–35) 30 (20–40) 0.28 20 (10–35) 20 (5–34) 0.66 0.27 0.064 0.0054
Problem focusing 85 (75–95) 85 (60–90) 0.15 88 (80–95) 80 (68–95) 0.008 0.50 0.61 0.87
Resignation 20 (10–25) 17.5 (1.3–23.8) 0.28 10 (0–20) 15 (0–25) 0.14 0.08 0.024 0.93
Cognitive revaluation 40 (25–60) 45 (30–70) 0.13 35 (25–50) 55 (40–79) 0.004 0.54 0.69 0.30
Protest 40 (25–65) 40 (20–65) 0.95 20 (6–34) 12.5 (5–24) 0.008 0.29 <0.001 <0.001
Social trust 87 (75–100) 87 (67–98) 0.19 90 (78–100) 80 (60–87) <0.001 0.17 0.77 <0.001
Isolation 20 (12–40) 28 (16–36) 0.44 8 (0–16) 12 (4–16) 0.97 0.53 <0.001 <0.001
Minimization 72 (56–80) 68 (56–80) 0.68 84 (65–92) 80 (72–88) 0.83 0.76 0.0053 0.0010
Intrusion 40 (25–56) 30 (20–50) 0.026 20 (10–39) 15 (5–24) 0.001 0.55 <0.001 <0.001
  1. Results presented as medians (interquartile range).
  2. *P values analyzed within groups by Wilcoxon’s paired test, and between groups Mann–Whitney test.
  3. PSP = Patients with psychosocial problems.
  4. NPSP = Patients with no psychosocial problems.