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Table 3 OLS results of households’ level of participation in labor markets

From: Barriers to rural households’ participation in low-skilled off-farm labor markets: theory and empirical results from northern Ethiopia

Variable Coefficeint Std. err. t-stat.
Distance to wereda headquarters 8.59E-02 0.15522 0.55342
Market access (good=1, 0=otherwise) 53.746 36.854 1.4584
Road access (good=1, 0=otherwise) 35.387 29.433 1.2023
Sex of household head (male =1, 0=female) 23.857 26.669 0.89458
Age of household head −0.99506 0.8828 −1.1272
Consumer worker ratio −1.2641 12.514 −0.10101
Education of household head −41.503 29.904 −1.3879
Male labor in the household 36.513 15.879 2.2995**
Female labor in the household 37.203 18.398 2.0221**
No of oxen in the household −1.5195 21.666 −7.01E-02
Total livestock unit holding 5.2178 7.3931 0.70577
Land owned −14.395 19.041 −0.75603
Population density 11.254 39.971 0.28154
Estern zone 170.08 45.196 3.7632***
Central zone 69.434 27.751 2.5021***
Southern zone 154.9 52.347 2.9591***
Lamda (IMR) 193.07 19.556 9.8724***
Constant −23.942 72.203 −0.33159
  1. **. p-value<5%.
  2. ***. p-value<1%.