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Table 2 Probit results of households’ decision to participate in labor markets

From: Barriers to rural households’ participation in low-skilled off-farm labor markets: theory and empirical results from northern Ethiopia

Variable Coefficeint Std. err. t-stat.
Distance to wereda headquarters −6.30E-04 8.60E-04 −0.73297
Market access (good=1, 0=otherwise) −0.19402 0.16333 −1.1879
Road access (good=1, 0=otherwise) 3.44E-02 0.152 0.22629
Sex of household head (male =1, 0=female) 0.4611 0.19552 2.3583***
Age of household head −1.47E-02 5.15E-03 −2.8573***
Consumer worker ratio 4.58E-02 8.19E-02 0.5595
Education of household head −0.26426 0.16636 −1.5885
Male labor in the household 0.17305 9.04E-02 1.9134*
Female labor in the household 0.24278 0.10314 2.3539***
No of oxen in the household −6.00E-02 0.11458 −0.52382
Total livestock unit holding 2.89E-02 4.23E-02 0.6834
Land owned 0.11759 0.10883 1.0805
Population density −0.20783 0.16592 −1.2526
Estern zone 2.89E-02 0.2193 0.13189
Central zone 0.19045 0.19859 0.95901
Southern zone 0.37269 0.2141 1.7407*
Constant 7.37E-03 0.47096 1.57E-02
  1. *. p-value<10%.
  2. ***. p-value<1%.