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Table 1 General description and economic importance of medicinal plants used in the study

From: Investigation of heavy metals in frequently utilized medicinal plants collected from environmentally diverse locations of north western India

Scientific name Common name Family Habit Part used Medicinal properties References
Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. Ex Delile Babul, kikar Mimosaceae Medium sized tree Bark, roots, seeds, gum, pods Used to cure diarrhea, Aphrodisiac, dressing of ulcers, Alzheimer’s diseases, wound ulcers, leprosy, leucoderma, small pox, skin diseases, biliousness, burning sensation and toothache. Ali et al. (2012)
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell Brahmi Plantaginaceae Perennial herb Leaves Improve memory capacity, intellectual activity and enhance the immune function by increasing immunoglobulin production. Morgan and Stevens (2010) Yamada et al. (2011)
Commiphora wightii (Arn) Bhandari Guggul Burseraceae Balsamiferous woody shrub Bark, stem Active ingredients E and Z guggulsterone in oleoresin gum have lipid and cholesterol lowering activities along with acting as anti- cancerous compound. Kulhari et al. (2012)
Ficus religiosa L. Peepal Moraceae Large deciduous tree Bark, leaves, seeds, fruits, Used to cure asthma, cough, sexual disorders, gonorrhea, skin diseases, scabies, hiccup, tuberculosis, fever and paralysis. Makhija et al. (2010)
Glycyrrhiza glabra L. Mulethi Fabaceae Perennial herb Roots Popularly used to treat ileitis, lung inflammation, peptic ulcers, leaky gut syndrome and irritable bowel syndrome. Krausse et al. (2004)
Hemidesmus indicus L.R.Br. Anantmul Apocynaceae Perennial climber Leaves, stem Used in inflammation, cuts, wounds, burns, skin and blood diseases, ulcers and immunological disorders. Saravanan and Nalini (2007)
Salvadora oleoides Decne. Jaal, Pilu Salvadoraceae Small tree Leaves, roots The leaves have anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antiulcer activities. Yadav et al. (2008)
Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. Bahera Combretaceae Long tree Leaves, bark, seed, roots, flower Used in the treatment of gastric ulcer, constipation, general debility and piles. Motamarri et al. (2012)
Terminalia chebula Retz. Harītak, Harad Combretaceae Medium to large deciduous tree Leaves, bark, fruits Used to cure anemia, anorexia, leprosy, diarrhoea, bleeding piles, gout, arthritis, epilepsy abdominal pain and asthma. Rao and Srinivas (2006)
Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal Ashwagandha Solanaceae Erect branched shrub Leaves, stem, roots, seed Used to promote health and longevity along with revitalizing of body in debilitated conditions and increasing the capability of the individual to resist adverse environmental factors. Weiner and Weiner (1994)