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Table 3 Profiles for clusters a of children in MSM pathways (Time 1 to Time 2) for skills, self concepts, feelings, strategies and participation in literacy, social and physical activities

From: Motivational Spiral Models (MSM): common and distinct motivations in context

MSM pathways Cluster A Cluster B
Profiles Time1 Time2 Time1 Time2
MSM-L Literacy Cluster A (38%) Cluster B (62%)
  skills b 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.4
  task strategies 1.0 1.1 3.8 4.5
  self concepts 1.4 1.8 4.4 4.8
  positive feelings 3.7 2.3 5.0 5.0
  negative feelings 1.7 1.0 5.0 2.0
  participation 1.0 2.0 5.0 5.0
MSM-S Social Cluster A (18%) Cluster B (82%)
  skills b 3.5 4.4 4.0 4.7
  task strategies 3.9 2.5 2.7 3.8
  self concepts 4.0 3.2 4.8 5.0
  positive feelings 2.3 1.0 5.0 5.0
  negative feelings 1.3 1.3 2.0 1.3
  participation 1.0 5.0 1.0 5.0
MSM-Physical Cluster A (18%) Cluster B (82%)
  skills b 3.7 4.0 4.0 4.5
  task strategies 3.5 5.0 1.0 4.2
  self concepts 3.2 2.6 5.0 5.0
  positive feelings 5.0 1.0 2.3 5.0
  negative feelings 5.0 2.3 1.3 1.0
  participation 3.0 1.0 2.0 5.0
  1. Notes:
  2. a Cluster analysis used ‘K-means’ non-hierarchical method (e.g., Aunola et al. 2002).
  3. b For ease of comparison skills scores are re-scaled to range from 1 (low) to 5 (high).