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Table 1 Profiles and development of self concepts and participation over time (a month apart)

From: Motivational Spiral Models (MSM): common and distinct motivations in context

Context Means (sd) Time 1 Time 2 Time 3
Literacy self concepts 3.88 (0.89) 4.05 (0.83) 4.03 (0.91)
participation 4.22 (0.83) 3.89 (1.18) 4.04 (1.07)
Social self concepts 4.13 (1.02) 4.21 (0.92) 4.13 (0.96)
participation 4.25 (1.02) 4.30 (0.99) 3.92 (1.36)
Physical self concepts 3.93 (1.22) 4.47 (0.61) 4.31 (1.03)
participation 4.34 (1.15) 4.52 (0.87) 4.21 (1.07)
Context Regression (β) p < .05 Time (1 to 2) Time (2 to 3)
Literacy self concepts 0.32 0.27
participation ns 0.52
self concepts: participation ns 0.25
participation: self concepts 0.38 0.20
Social self concepts 0.86 0.58
participation 0.51 0.33
self concepts: participation ns 0.48
participation: self concepts ns 0.28
Physical self concepts 0.25 0.57
participation 0.52 0.36
self concepts: participation ns 0.35
  participation: self concepts 0.35 0.25