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Table 4 Association of different background factors with urinary incontinence

From: Prevalence and risk factors of urinary incontinence among Estonian postmenopausal women

Variable Odds ratio (OR)
  Crude 95% CI Adjusted* 95% CI
Age group, yrs     
52-56 1   1  
57-61 1.27 0.77–2.10 1.29 0.68–2.46
62–66 1.45 0.89–2.37 1.69 0.89–3.20
67–69 1.69 0.97–2.95 1.72 0.83–3.56
Education     
Higher 1   1  
Secondary 1.39 1.01–1.91 1.87 1.23–2.82
Basic (8–9) 2.41 1.54–3.76 3.29 1.80–6.02
Parity     
0 1   1  
1 1.82 0.96–3.46 1.87 0.88–3.98
2 1.99 1.08–3.65 1.79 0.88–3.68
3 or more 2.33 1.20–4.53 1.72 0.77–3.83
Smoking     
No 1   1  
Yes 0.87 0.57–1.34 1.09 0.61–1.97
Previous 1.23 0.84–1.79 1.23 0.75–2.02
BMI, kg/m 2     
<25 1   1  
25–29 1.14 0.82–1.59 0.99 0.66–1.48
> = 30 1.83 1.27–2.63 1.05 0.65–1.72
Diabetes     
No 1   1  
Yes 1.96 0.89–4.32 2.24 0.94–5.32
Hysterectomy     
No 1   1  
Yes 1.60 1.09–2.35 1.73 1.06–2.83
HT use     
No 1   1  
Yes 1.17 0.88–1.54 1.67 1.17–2.39
Physical activity     
No 1   1  
Yes 0.98 0.71–1.35 1.09 0.74–1.60
Sexual activity     
No 1   1  
Yes 1.15 0.85–1.56 1.28 0.89–1.83
  1. *adjusted for all other factors presented in the table.