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Table 1 Plants used in the present study and evidence of their activities

From: Antibacterial activities of the methanol extracts of seven Cameroonian dietary plants against bacteria expressing MDR phenotypes

Plants samples, part used
and herbarium voucher numbera
Traditional used Known antimicrobial activities of plants
Bombaceae Adansonia digitata (Fruits) 42417/HNC Febrifuge, antidysentery, antioxydant, analgesic, antidiarrheal (Kaboré et al. 2011); immunostimulant, hepatoprotective (Al-Qarawi et al. 2010); anti-small pox, anti-rubella (Wickens 1979). Aqueous, ethanol and petroleum ether extracts Q : Ec (Yagoub 2008). Antiviral activity against Vi, Vhs (Vimalanathan and Hudson 2009), Vp (Anani et al. 2000).
Cyperaceae Cyperus esculentus (Fruits)14977/SRFC (/)b (/)
Pedaliaceae Sesamum indicum (Beans) 42898/HNC Liniment, laxative, emollient (Kokate et al. 2005); lenitif, anticonstipation, anti-carries (Awobajo et al. 2009), antitumor (Xu et al. 2010), hepatoprotective (Kumar et al. 2011), hypoglycemic (Nakano and Kwak 2006). (/)
Lauraceae Cinnamomum zeylanicum. (Bark) Blume 22309/SRFC Digestive disorders, anti dysentery, laxative. Isolated compounds (Cinnamaldehyde and Eugenol) from essential oil showed an activity: against Pl (Gende et al. 2008) ; antibacterial activities against multi-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (Pa, PS, Kp, EC., Ea, Ecl) (Voukeng et al. 2012)
Tiliaceae Corchous olitorius (Stem and leaves) 14725/SRFC Gonorrhoea, cystitis chronic, analgesic, febrifuge, antitumor, anti-inflammatory (Zacharia et al. 2006; Ramadevi and Ganapaty 2011), diuretic, cardiotonic (Ramadevi and Ganapaty 2011). Methanol, chloroform and petroleum ether extracts. S: Bs, Pa, Sm. F: Sa, Ec, La, ML, San, Sau, Kp. M: Ea, Pv. Q: Rs, Ca (Ramadevi and Ganapaty 2011), Ec Zacharia et al. (2006) Sau Bp, St, Sb, Ss, Sd,Pa, Kp, Ec,Vc Pal et al. (2006).
Pedaliaceae Sesamum radiatum Schum et Thom (Stem and leaves) 8797/SRFC Antirhume, anticatarrate, against ocular pains and cutaneous eruptions (Bankole et al. 2007), antimicrobial (Shittu et al. 2007; Osibote et al. 2010). Methanol and ethanol extracts S : Ca (Shittu et al. 2007). Essential oil :Q: Csp. Ec, Ec ATCC 25922, Kp, Pm, Pa, Sal, Sa, Sm Tane et al. (2005).
Zingiberaceae Aframomum kayserianum (Fruits) K.schum 18884/SRFC Anti-mumps, dysmenorrhoeas, vermifuge (Tane et al. 2005). Isolated compound Aframodial from this plant showed an activity: S : Sc, Sp,Ha, Cu, Scl, Pc.; M : Mm, Rc, An, Sau, Bs. F : Ec, Pa (Ayafor et al. 1994).
  1. a (HNC), Cameroon National Herbarium; (SRF), Société des reserves forestière du Cameroun; b (/). Not reported. Screened Activity: Significant (S:MIC < 100 μg/mL), moderate (M: 100 < MIC ≤ 625 μg/mL), Weak (F:MIC > 625 μg/mL) (Kuete 2010), Q, qualitative activity based on the determination of the inhibition zone. Ca Candida albicans, St Salmonella typhi, An Aspergilus nicfer, Bs Bacillus subtilis, EC Escherichia coli, Kp Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pa Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pvt Proteus vulgaris, Sau Staphylococcus aureus, Cu Candida utilis, Sc Saccharomyces cereviciae, Sm Streptococcus mutans, Sa Streptococcus aeoginosa, La Lactobacillus acidophillus, ML Micrococcus luteus, San Streptococcus anginosus, Ea Enterobacter aerogenes, Rs Rhizoctonia solanic, Bp Bacillus punilus, Sb Shigella boydii, Ss Shigella sonnei, Sd Shigella dysenteria, Vc Vibrio cholerae, Csp Citrobacter sp, Pm Proteus mirabilis, Sal Staphylococcus albus, Sma Serratia marcescens, Sp Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Ha Hansenula anomala, Scl Sclerotinia libertiana, PC Penicillim crustasum, Mm Mucor mucedo, Rc Rhizopus chinensis, Ecl Enterobacter cloacae, PS Providencia stuartii, Pl Paenibacillus larvae , Vhs herpes simplex virus, Vp Virus of poliomyelitis, VI Influenza. Virus.