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Table 3 Multivariate analysis of child mortality across birth order (1–5)

From: Maternal factors contributing to under-five mortality at birth order 1 to 5 in India: a comprehensive multivariate study

Variables Categories Birth order −1 Birth order −2 Birth order −3 Birth order −4 Birth order −5
Adjusted Adjusted Adjusted Adjusted Adjusted
OR & CI 95% OR & CI 95% OR & CI 95% OR & CI 95% OR & CI 95%
Gender of child Female 0.76(0.63 – 0.91)     1.61(1.16– 2.23)
Religion Muslim 0.84(0.63 – 1.12)    0.53(0.35 – 0.88)  
Christian 0.44(0.30 – 0.64)    0.70(0.44 – 1.10)  
Others 0.70(0.45 – 1.08)    1.00(0.49 – 2.00)  
Wealth index Middle 0.87(0.67 – 1.12) 0.80(0.61 – 1.03) 0.56(0.41 – 0.77) 0.61(0.42 – 0.90) 0.91(0.61 – 1.34)
Richer & richest 0.61(0.47 – 0.79) 0.59(0.45 – 0.77) 0.43(0.31 – 0.60) 0.42(0.86 – 1.24) 0.45(0.28 – 0.71)
Mother’s education Primary 1.07(0.82 – 1.41) 0.66(0.50 – 0.87) 0.90(0.66 – 1.24) 0.57(0.37 – 0.88)  
Secondary 0.79(0.62 – 1.01) 0.37(0.29 – 0.48) 0.53(0.38 – 0.73) 0.53(0.35 – 0.79)  
Higher 0.31(0.20 – 0.50) 0.09(0.05 – 0.16) 0.35(0.15 – 0.83) 0.20(0.04 – 0.95)  
Mother’s occupation Service 1.25(0.92 – 1.70) 1.89(1.43 – 2.50)    
Agriculture 1.35(1.05 – 1.73) 1.51(1.20 – 1.93)    
Prenatal care Yes 0.04(0.03 – 0.06)     
Information regarding complications in pregnancy Yes 0.66(0.47 – 0.92)     
Size of child at birth Average     1.37(0.92 – 2.03)  
Place of delivery Hospital   0.72(0.58 – 0.91)    
Below average     2.20(1.42 – 3.34)  
Breastfeeding Yes 0.04(0.03– 0.05) 0.08(0.06 – 0.10) 0.08(0.06–0.11) 0.07(0.44 – 0.90) 0.08(0.05 – 0.11)
Immunization Yes   0.44(0.30 – 0.65)    
Birth interval 24-36 months -- 0.56(0.45 – 0.70) 0.45(0.34 – 0.60) 0.50(0.37 – 0.70) 0.50(0.34 – 0.73)
>36 months -- 0.35(0.28 – 0.45) 0.30(0.22 – 0.42) 0.25(0.17 – 0.36) 0.21(0.14 – 0.35)
  1. Reference Category: Gender of Index Child: Male; Religion: Hindu; Wealth Index: Poorer & poorest; Mother’s education: No formal education; Mother Occupation: Non-Working; Prenatal Care: No; Information regarding complications in pregnancy: No; Place of delivery: Home; Breastfeeding: No; Immunization: No and Birth Interval: <24 months.
  2. Note: Mother’s age and child’s age in months are forced into multivariate analysis at each birth order.