Skip to main content

Table 3 Percentage of Bias in Estimates

From: Principled missing data methods for researchers

  LD MI FIML EM
(a) Overall missing rate = 20% a
GENDER 5.07 4.61 3.00 3.00
DROPOUT 5.55 8.02 7.76 7.76
ESTEEM -11.52 -12.57 -10.99 -10.99
FAMSTR 2.72 -0.54 -0.27 -0.27
(b) Overall missing rate = 60% b
GENDER 10.14 4.61 4.84 4.84
DROPOUT 32.85 33.02 30.72 33.28
ESTEEM -1.05 -13.61 -12.04 -12.57
FAMSTR 30.52 -17.71 -18.26 -18.26
  1. Note. Percentage of bias was calculated as the ratio of the difference between the incomplete data estimate and the complete data estimate divided by the complete data estimate.
  2. aThe actual overall missing rate was 19.21%. bThe actual overall missing rate was 60.42%.