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Table 6 Performance comparisons OTLBO, OEA, HPSO-TVAC, CLPSO and APSO

From: A teaching learning based optimization based on orthogonal design for solving global optimization problems

Function   OEA HPSO-TVAC CLPSO APSO OTLBO Significant
Sphere Mean 2.48e-30 3.38e-41 1.89e-19 1.45e-150 0 +
Std 1.128e-29 8.50e-41 1.49e-19 5.73e-150 0
Schwefel 2.22 Mean 2.068e-13 6.9e-23 1.01e-13 5.15e-84 2.1123e-221 +
Std 2.440e-12 6.89e-23 6.54e-14 1.44e-83 0
Schwefel 1.2 Mean 1.883e-09 2.89e-07 3.97e+02 1.0e-10 0 +
Std 3.726e-9 2.97e-07 1.42e+02 2.13e-10 0
Step Mean 0 0 0 0 0 NA
Std 0 0 0 0 0
Rastrigin Mean 5.430e-17 2.39 2.57e-11 5.8e-15 0 +
Std 1.683e-16 3.71 6.64e-11 1.01e-14 0
Noncontinous Rastrigin Mean N 1.83 0.167 4.14e-16 0 +
Std N 2.65 0.379 1.45e-15 0
Ackley Mean 5.336e-14 2.06e-10 2.01e-12 1.11e-14 3.1123e-15 +
Std 2.945e-13 9.45e-10 9.22e-13 3.55e-15 1.0021e-15
Griewank Mean 1.317e-02 1.07e-02 6.45e-13 1.67e-02 0 +
  Std 1.561e-02 1.14e-02 2.07e-12 2.41e-02 0